Study on ‘strategic ejaculation’ finds men produce better quality semen for unfamiliar women

first_imgLinkedIn Share Research published in Evolutionary Psychological Science has found that men orgasm faster and ejaculate more semen when masturbating to unfamiliar women.“Our findings are the first to demonstrate that men’s ejaculate behavior and composition change in response to a novel female stimulus,” the researchers wrote in their study, which was published in June.In the study, the researchers examined the time to ejaculation, ejaculate volume, and number of motile sperm in 21 heterosexual men between the ages of 18 and 23 years old who watched seven sexually explicit films over the course of 15 days. Email Share on Facebookcenter_img Pinterest Share on Twitter The men in the study watched six films depicting the same actress and actor, then watched a similar film with a new actress but the same actor.The researchers found the time to ejaculation ranged between 4 and 21 minutes overall. There was no habituation effect — repeatedly viewing the same woman did not increase or decrease the time to ejaculation.But men did ejaculate more quickly when viewing the seventh film, which included a new woman. In addition, ejaculate volume and total number of motile sperm in the ejaculate increased significantly when viewing the seventh film. “Men produced higher quality ejaculates when exposed to novel, rather than familiar, women,” the researchers wrote.But why does ejaculate volume and total number of motile sperm increase for novel women? Men who produce higher quality sperm for unfamiliar women may have an evolutionary advantage, the researchers explained. The decrease in the time to ejaculation may make it easier for a cheater to copulate with another woman without his partner finding out.In addition, evolution “would favor males who invest more in ejaculates transferred to novel females for two reasons: (i) Males may have already fertilized the egg(s) of (or have their sperm stored by) females with whom they have already mated; and (ii) novel females may be more likely to have mated recently with another male resulting in increased likelihood of sperm competition,” they wrote.last_img read more

UK officials recommend limits on antibiotics for COPD

first_imgA draft guideline issued today by the United Kingdom’s National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE) recommends that providers take into account the risk of antimicrobial resistance when considering antibiotics for acute but non-severe flare-ups of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD).The recommendation is based on evidence suggesting a limited benefit from antibiotics in patients who experience acute exacerbations of COPD, and the recognition that COPD patients often have multiple exacerbations and receive multiple courses of antibiotics, which may not always be appropriate and can contribute to antibiotic resistance.The guideline, written by an independent committee of experts, also suggests that antibiotics should be considered for acute exacerbations only after factoring in the number and severity of a patient’s symptoms, whether he or she needs to go into the hospital for treatment, and previous exacerbations and hospital admission history.COPD is an inflammatory lung condition that makes it difficult to breathe. Acute exacerbation is characterized by either increasing shortness of breath, increased sputum production, or a change in sputum color. But acute flare-ups of the condition are caused by bacterial infections only about half the time, with viral infections and environmental factors, such as smoking, as other common causes.The committee agreed that patients with severe exacerbations, which are marked by the presence of all three symptoms and frequently require hospitalization, should be offered an antibiotic.”The new guideline will help healthcare professionals make responsible prescribing decisions to not only help people manage their condition but also reduce the risk of resistant infections,” Mark Baker, MD, director of the Centre for Guidelines at NICE, said in a press release.Weighing evidence, symptoms, risksThe recommendations are based on a review of 16 placebo-controlled randomized controlled trials of more than 2,000 adults over the age of 40.In its analysis, the committee found that while significantly fewer patients on antibiotics showed no improvement in symptoms compared with placebo, the result was influenced by a large positive effect observed in one study conducted among patients in intensive care; when that study was removed from the analysis, the benefit of antibiotics was reduced. In addition, when antibiotics not currently used in practice were excluded, the differences between antibiotics and placebo were not significant.Overall, the committee concluded that the evidence suggested that antibiotics had uncertain benefit in patients with acute exacerbations of COPD, but appeared to be more effective in patients with more severe symptoms. They agreed that an antibiotic should be considered only for non-severe worsening of symptoms on an individual patient basis.”This should take into account the uncertain benefit of antibiotics and the risk of antimicrobial resistance with repeated courses, balanced against the number and severity of their symptoms, their need for hospital treatment, their exacerbation and hospitalisation history, their risk of complications, and previous sputum culture results,” the committee wrote.The guideline recommends that when no antibiotic is prescribed for acute COPD flare-ups, providers should explain to patients why an antibiotic is not needed and advise them to seek medical attention if symptoms worsen significantly. But if an antibiotic is prescribed, clinicians should warn patients about possible side-effects, especially diarrhea. The experts also encouraged clinicians to review the choice of antibiotics based on results of sputum sample testing.In a separate draft update of the clinical guideline for diagnosing and managing COPD in patients over the age of 16, NICE also provides criteria on the use of prophylactic antibiotics. While the reviewed evidence showed that prophylactic antibiotics reduce the risk of having an exacerbation and the number of exacerbations, to minimize the risk of antibiotic resistance, the committee recommended that antibiotics be offered only to patients who don’t smoke, have optimized other management strategies, and have frequent, prolonged exacerbations with sputum production.Both draft guidelines are open for public comment through Aug 6.See also:Jul 9 NICE guideline on antimicrobial prescribing for COPDJul 9 NICE guideline on COPD diagnosis and managementJul 9 NICE press releaselast_img read more

USDA Announces Infrastructure Projects Across Nation Including Belen And San Ysidro In New Mexico

first_img“Modern, reliable and accessible infrastructure is critical to economic development and quality of life,” LaVoy said. “Under the leadership of President Trump and Agriculture Secretary Perdue, USDA is committed to partnering with rural communities to help them improve their infrastructure, because when rural America thrives, all of America thrives.” The City of Belen will receive a $2,665,000 loan/grant funding package to build an arsenic water treatment facility. Currently, water from the city’s water well number eight exceeds federally-mandated drinking standards for arsenic. Because the geology of New Mexico includes volcanic formations along the Rio Grande basin the drinking water in some cases has higher levels of arsenic. Although the arsenic levels are very low the new water treatment facility will bring Belen’s water into compliance with drinking water standards. WASHINGTON, D.C. ― U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) Deputy Under Secretary for Rural Development Donald “DJ” LaVoy announced that USDA is investing $201 million to improve rural water infrastructure in 31 states. The Doña Ana Mutual Domestic Water association will receive an $11,055,965 loan/grant funding package to install a new wastewater delivery system in the colonia of San Ysidro located north of Las Cruces, New Mexico.  When completed the sewer collection service will connect to the City of Las Cruces wastewater collection system and treatment facility. The new delivery system will eliminate the environmental concern of groundwater contamination because the community is currently using cesspools and septic tanks. New Mexico Rural Development State Director Arthur A. Garcia added, “The projects in Belen and in the community of San Ysidro north of Las Cruces included in this announcement are an example of Rural Development’s goal to build thriving economies and improve the quality of life in rural areas.” Garcia added, “We are dedicated to the mission of building and modernizing critical infrastructure. This will insure those living in rural America are afforded a higher quality of life.” USDA is providing the funding through the Water and Waste Disposal Loan and Grant program. Eligible applicants include rural cities, towns and water districts. USDA Rural Development provides loans and grants to help expand economic opportunities and create jobs in rural areas. This assistance supports infrastructure improvements; business development; housing; community facilities such as schools, public safety and health care; and high-speed internet access in rural areas. For more information, visit www.rd.usda.gov. To view the report in its entirety, please view the Report to the President of the United States from the Task Force on Agriculture and Rural Prosperity (PDF, 5.4 MB). In addition, to view the categories of the recommendations, please view the Rural Prosperity infographic (PDF, 190 KB).center_img USDA State Director Arthur A. Garcia  USDA awarded nearly $1.8 billion for Water and Environmental Program loans and grants during fiscal year 2019. View the interactive RD Apply tool or contact one of USDA Rural Development’s state or field offices for application or eligibility information. USDA News: In April 2017, President Donald J. Trump established the Interagency Task Force on Agriculture and Rural Prosperity to identify legislative, regulatory and policy changes that could promote agriculture and prosperity in rural communities. In January 2018, Secretary Perdue presented the Task Force’s findings to President Trump. These findings included 31 recommendations to align the federal government with state, local and tribal governments to take advantage of opportunities that exist in rural America. Increasing investments in rural infrastructure is a key recommendation of the task force. USDA is announcing investments today in Alabama, Arkansas, Arizona, California, Colorado, Florida, Iowa, Illinois, Indiana, Kentucky, Maine, Michigan, Missouri, Mississippi, Montana, North Carolina, North Dakota, Nebraska, New Jersey, New Mexico, New York, Oklahoma, Rhode Island, South Carolina, Texas, Utah, Virginia, Vermont, Washington, Wisconsin and Wyoming. The funds can be used for drinking water, stormwater drainage and waste disposal systems in rural communities with 10,000 or fewer residents.last_img read more

Shaftesbury schemes keep Carnaby Street swinging

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Hibernia buys Marine House for £20.5m

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Stephen Mayson – ABS licensing is a ‘shambles’

first_imgThe Solicitors Regulation Authority’s failure to meet the 6 October target date for licensing alternative business structures was branded a ‘shambles’ by a leading market commentator this week. Professor Stephen Mayson (pictured), director of the Legal Services Policy Institute, told delegates at a Westminster Legal Policy Forum event that the delay represented a ‘significant blow to credibility’ in the eyes of new market entrants and existing sceptics. He said: ‘It might be formally correct [for the SRA] to say that 6 October was never set in stone; but the weight of expectation and momentum around that date was openly encouraged, and it would be disingenuous now to hide behind such a regulatory sleight of hand. ‘Nor is it an adequate response to say that the delay will only be a matter of weeks, because we still don’t know for sure that this will be the case. If a week is a long time in politics, three months is an age in the world of business and the movement of capital.’ He added: ‘At this point, the implementation of ABSs has become – I say with deep regret – something of a shambles.’ The SRA’s plans to become an ABS licensing authority were hampered by the need to obtain legislative change to allow it to examine the spent convictions of potential ABS owners. Delay was also encountered in obtaining agreement from the Ministry of Justice to ensure that the cost of appeals against SRA licensing decisions will not be borne by the profession. A number of firms have told the Gazette privately that they were angered by the hold-up. But SRA chief executive Antony Townsend told delegates: ‘We planned throughout for the introduction of ABS at the same time as the release of the new handbook [in October]. ‘I recognise for those planning to become ABSs that it is hugely frustrating and it will muck up your plans. I can only apologise and assure you we’re working flat out with the MoJ to bring in licences for ABSs as soon as we can.’ Townsend told the Gazette separately that he hoped the SRA will be able to license ABSs ‘by the turn of the year’. He added that the regulator has had ‘in-depth’ discussions’ with 50 firms looking at becoming ABSs, some of which were not law firms. ‘[There have been] a few very big players, and the Co-op is the big public one, but others are less public about it,’ he said. Meanwhile, in her first public speech as new chair of the Legal Services Consumer Panel, Elisabeth Davies told delegates at the WLPF event that she is encouraged by the more open market that will be created by ABSs and outcomes-focused regulation. ‘We’re cautiously optimistic and see them as suggesting positive change is afoot – the challenge is how you enforce it to make sure the consumer is protected,’ she said. In a statement after this week’s Gazette went to press, SRA chair Charles Plant emphatically denied the organisation was to blame for the ABS registration delay. He said: ‘It is important to set the record straight. The suggestion that the delay in the introduction of SRA-licensed ABS is attributable to the SRA is simply wrong. ‘On the two issues which have been cited as a cause for the delay – the mechanism for appeals against SRA decisions, and the provision to exempt owners and managers from the Rehabilitation of Offenders Act, the SRA’s position has been established and public for a long period, and has not changed. We delivered our proposals for ABS licensing to schedule. ‘We share the frustration of potential ABS applicants about the delay in implementation, and are working with the Legal Services Board and Ministry of Justice to get early clarity about the parliamentary timetable, a matter which we do not control.’last_img read more

Don’t get your suspenders in a twist

first_imgSubscribe now for unlimited access Get your free guest access  SIGN UP TODAY Stay at the forefront of thought leadership with news and analysis from award-winning journalists. Enjoy company features, CEO interviews, architectural reviews, technical project know-how and the latest innovations.Limited access to building.co.ukBreaking industry news as it happensBreaking, daily and weekly e-newsletters Subscribe to Building today and you will benefit from:Unlimited access to all stories including expert analysis and comment from industry leadersOur league tables, cost models and economics dataOur online archive of over 10,000 articlesBuilding magazine digital editionsBuilding magazine print editionsPrinted/digital supplementsSubscribe now for unlimited access.View our subscription options and join our community To continue enjoying Building.co.uk, sign up for free guest accessExisting subscriber? LOGINlast_img read more

InterMax acquires Max Shipping

first_imgThe company specialises in transporting heavy and oversized cargo from Shanghai to Leshan in the Sichuan province of China, covering a distance of over 3,000 km.With a fleet of six project cargo feeder vessels with capacities from 1,000 to 1,800 tonnes, the company provides a link to carry out transportation up and down the Yangtze River.Max Shipping carries out hydropower, thermal power, nuclear power, wind power, chemical and oil refinery projects. Recently the company loaded heavy equipment for the Fuqing nuclear power plant, to be carried from the port of Leshan on its Yangtze River barge.InterMax Logistics Solutions is a member of the Global Project Logistics Network (GPLN) and the Cargo Equipment Experts (CEE) network in China.  www.inter-max.netwww.max888.comwww.gpln.netwww.cargoequipmentexperts.comlast_img read more

Claimant lawyers ‘will game’ fixed costs system

first_imgThe government risks encouraging claimant lawyers to ‘play the system’ by imposing an extended regime of fixed costs, a leading defendant firm said today.Responding to plans to apply fixed costs to all cases worth up to £100,000, international firm Kennedys backed the changes in principle but warned elements of the claimant sector will seek to exploit any loopholes.Meanwhile, the Association of Personal Injury Lawyers has expressed its own reservations, arguing the reforms ‘tilt the balance of power’ further in favour of defendants.The consultation responses show the vastly opposing views within the legal profession as the government seeks to implement the recommendations of Sir Rupert Jackson, who had been tasked with a review of whether fixed recoverable costs could be extended.Kennedys’ response accused claimant lawyers of ‘poor litigation behaviours’ following the introduction of fixed costs for lower-value claims. These included damages inflation, as costs were linked to the value of the claim and Kennedys said the current proposal, to escalate fixed costs based on cases put into four bands of complexity, could open the future system to similar abuses.The firm said the current plans would lead to the ‘inevitable attempts by claimants to exaggerate or inflate a claim’ to justify allocation to a higher band. Deborah NewberryDeborah Newberry, head of public affairs at Kennedys, said the government ‘must be alive’ to the dangers that the fixed costs extension could bring. FRC change behaviours and introduce incentives for claimant lawyers to do what they can to achieve higher levels of costs,’ she added.APIL president Gordon Dalyell struck a different tone in his organisation’s response, saying claimant lawyers will be hamstrung by the reforms, while defendant lawyers will continue to inflate costs through their own delay tactics. Gordon Dalyell‘Defendant behaviour is one of the biggest causes of escalated costs and there needs to be a proper analysis of this before anything is put in place,’ said Dalyell. ‘It is not uncommon for a defendant to request a disproportionate amount of information from the claimant from the outset of a case, for example.’APIL urged ministers to consider a dedicated ‘intermediate track’ for a limited number of cases that might not be suitable for fixed costs.last_img read more

D&G Supports World Autism Awareness Week 2016

first_imgAddThis Sharing ButtonsShare to FacebookFacebookFacebookShare to TwitterTwitterTwitterShare to LinkedInLinkedInLinkedIn Flyers attached with information about local events. World Autism Awareness Week runs from Saturday 2 April to Friday 8 April 2016.World Autism Awareness Week is an annual event that aims to raise awareness of society how autism can affect people and how they can help make the world more autism-friendly. Social isolation is often problem for people and their families, especially in more rural areas like Dumfries and Galloway so we are focusing our events on showcasing the opportunities that are around for people with autism to take part in activitiesAround 700,000 people in the UK are autistic. In Dumfries and Galloway alone, over 300 children in our schools have a diagnosis of autism, most of whom are in mainstream classes. People who have autistic spectrum disorders can be affected differently in how a person communicates, how a person relates to others and how they experience the world around them.There are lots of different activities on offer ranging from music to dance, sport to art so there is something for people of all ages to join in. These events are not just for people with Autism but for everyone. We have also got a specialist company coming to demonstrate a range of specially adapted bikes for people with disabilities. These will include physical disabilities and wheel chair users. Cycling is a great way of getting fit and having exercise and these bikes are designed to enable everyone to be able to join in.Councillor Jeff Leaver and Chairman of the Education Committee said: ” Our Council’s priorities include providing a good start in life for all our children, preparing young people for adulthood, and caring for our most vulnerable people. These events will be great opportunities for parents, Carers and people who support people affected by autism to find out what there is available to them in Dumfries and Galloway.”last_img read more